On this day in Masters history

On this day in Masters history

Over the course of 80 years, the Masters has produced so many memories that the first men's major of the year could have its own "Tradition Unlike Any Other" calendar.

Claudia Mazzucco has compiled the winning dates of the previous 78 Masters, and looks back on each of them based on the calendar month and day they happened.

March 25

1934 – Horton Smith won the inaugural Masters, which was officially known as the Augusta National Invitation Tournament, finishing at 284 (- 4), one stroke ahead of runner-up, Craig Wood.

April 2

1939 – After finishing second for the last two years, Ralph Guldaal won the Sixth Masters Tournament with a tourney record of 279 (- 9). His score was three strokes better than the record of 282 established by Gene Sarazen and Craig Wood in 1935. Sam Snead was second with 280.

April 4

1937 – Byron Nelson finished with a spectacular 32 in the last nine holes to with the Fourth Masters Tournament. Nelson, 25 year old, overhauled Ralph Guldahl by two strokes. He apparently had shot himself out of the top after a 38 in the outgoing nine. But then unloosed some magic for his 32 and a 283 total (-5).

1938 – Henry Picard rolled in a 71 on the opening day and followed it with methodical rounds of 72, 72, 70 for a 285 total (-3) to win the Fifth Masters Tournament by two strokes. Ralph Guldahl and Harry Copper tied for second.

April 5

1959 – Birdies on five of the last six holes, enabled Art Wall Jr. to win the 23rd Masters Tournament with a 284 total (-4). It was his first triumph in a major event by a margin of one stroke. Cary Middlecoff took second place with 285.

April 6

1936 – Horton Smith captured the Third Augusta National Invitation Tournament for the second time in three years. Smith shot rounds of 74, 71, 68 and 72 for a 285 total (- 3) to overhaul "Lighthorse" Harry Cooper by a single stroke.

1941 – Craig Wood, twice beaten out of first prize at Augusta, finally came through to victory in the eighth Masters Tournament with a 280 total (-8) and only one over the record for 72 holes. Byron Nelson, who had made up a five-stroke deficit to tie with Wood, with only nine holes to go, returned in 37 for second place with 283.

1947 – Jimmy Demaret joined Horton Smith and Byron Nelson as two-time winners of the Master Tournament. With 281 he won by two strokes over Nelson and amateur Frank Stranahan.

1952 – Sam Snead won the 16th Masters by four strokes. Partly because of the weather conditions, his score of 286 (-2) was the highest in the tournament’s history. Jack Burke slipped unexpectedly into second place with a 290 total (+2) and 69 in the final round.

1958 – Arnold Palmer outlasted eleven rivals on one of the strongest mass attacks on the title to win the 22nd Masters Tournament with a 284 total (-4). He shot a 73 (+1) in the final round, taking three putts on the 18th green from 65 feet. Doug Ford has a final 70 and Fred Hawkins a 71 to deadlock for second place one shot back at 285.

April 7

1935 – Gene Sarazen pulled off one of the rarest and most amazing shots in golf by sinking a 230 spoon shot that carried through all the way and rolled into the cup for a double-eagle two on the 485-yard, par 5 16th hole, to tie Craig Wood for first place at the Second Masters Tournament. Both finished the 72 holes in 282 (- 6). Gene won the 18-hole playoff by five strokes (144-149.)

1940 – Jimmy Demaret captured the seventh Masters Tournament with a 280 total (-8). He came up the back nine of the Augusta National Golf Club for a 71 to finish four strokes ahead of Lloyd Mangrum. Mangrum took the lead in the first round with a 64 (-8), which broke the course record held by Gene Sarazen and Byron Nelson.

1946 – Herman Keiser won the tenth and first Masters Tournament after the three-year cancellation due to Second War World as Ben Hogan three putted the final green from 15 feet out. Keiser finished with 282 (-6) and won the $ 2,500 first prize.

1957 – Doug Ford fashioned a final round of 66, capped by an amazing explosion shot that came out of the sand and plunked into the 18th hole to win the 21st Masters Tournament with a 283 total (-5). Sam Snead was second with 286.

1963 – Jack Nicklaus captured the 27th Masters Tournament, becoming, at 23, the youngest player ever to win the title. He struck the winning blow with a 15-foot putt for birdie at the sixteenth to beat Tony Lema by one stroke. Nicklaus finished with a 286 total (-6).

April 8

1951 – Ben Hogan won his first Masters Tournament with a 280 total (-8), finishing two strokes ahead of Robert “Skee” Riegel. Hogan had fourteen pars and four birdies for a last round of 68.

1956 – Jackie Burke Jr. sneaked in as winner of the 20th Masters Tournament as Ken Venturi, then an amateur, and Cary Middlecoff collapsed on the final round. Burke won with rounds of 72, 71, 75, and 71. His 289 total (+1) equaled the highest score ever to win the Masters.

1990 – Defending champion Nick Faldo of Britain became only the second to win back-to-back titles in the Masters Tournament’s 54 years history. Faldo tied Raymond Floyd in 278 total (- 10) and then defeated him with a par on the second hole of a sudden-death playoff, the eleventh, where Floyd hit the water for the first time in the entire Masters.

2001 – Tiger Woods accomplished what was called “the Tiger Slam” when he won the 65th Masters Tournament to become the first man to hold the game’s four major championships titles at once. Tiger rolled a 15-foot birdie putt at the 18th hole for a final round 568 and 272 total (-16) to beat David Duval by two strokes and Phil Mickelson by three. This was Tiger’s sixth triumph in a major championship.

2007 – Zach Johnson triumphed at the 71st Masters Tournament with a 289 total (+10 matching a Masters record last set in 1956 for highest winning score. It was only the second victory of his Tour career and he beat Tiger Woods to accomplish it. Woods tied for second with Retief Goosen and Rory Sabbatini, at 291 (+3).

2012 – Bubba Watson won the 76th Masters Tournament. He closed with a 68 (-4) to beat South African Louis Oosthuizen in playoff. They tied at 278 (-10) and shared par fours at the first extra hole, the 18th. Both drove into trees to the right of the fairway at the 10th but Watson hit a fabulous second to eight feet and had two putts for the title after Oosthuizen's bogey five. Bubba Watson was only the third left-hander to win the Masters after Phil Mickelson and Canadian Mike Weir.

April 9

1950 –Jimmy Demaret shot a final round in 69 for a 283 total (-5) and won the 14th Masters Tournament after Australian-born Jim Ferrier lost the title with five bogeys in the last six holes, including three putts at the 18th hole. Ferrier was second with 285. That made Demaret the first golfer to win the Masters three times.

1962 – Three behind defending champion Gary Player, after nine holes (of the 18-hole playoff) at 34 to 37, Arnold Palmer came back in 31 for a 68 to Gary’s 37 for 71 to win an unprecedented three-way playoff, before 16,000 fans. The 1958 PGA Champion, Dow Finsterwarld was the third man in the playoff.

1967 – Gay Brewer won the 31st Masters Tournament by a single stroke over Bobby Nichols. He finished with a 67 for a 280 total (-8). Nichols, leader through 54 holes, had a 70 for 281.

1972 – Jack Nicklaus won his fourth Masters Tournament with a 286 total (-2), tying with Arnold Palmer for the most Masters victories. It was also Jack’s 12th triumph in a major event. Tom Weiskopf, Australian Bruce Crampton and Bobby Mitchell tied for second at 289 (+1).

1973 – Tommy Aaron, the man who penciled Roberto De Vicenzo out of the 1968 Masters title, won the 37th Masters Tournament. Tommy had a 283 (- 5) to beat J.C. Snead by one stroke and Jack Nicklaus, Peter Oosterhuis and Jim Jamieson by two.

1978 – Gary Player won the 42nd Masters Tournament. He surged from seven strokes behind with a nine birdie, one bogey, record-tying 64, eight under par, and finished at 277 total (-11). Hubert Green, who opened the day with a three-shot lead, missed a 30th inch putt on the final hole to tie. Ron Funseth also missed narrowly a 24-feet putt on the 18th to tie, and Tom Watson missed a 12-fott par putt to tie. These saved the Masters from the first sudden-death playoff in its history.

1989 – Nick Faldo won the 53rd Masters Tournament after Scott Hoch missed a two-foot putt on the first hole of playoff. Faldo made eight birdies against one bogey to close with a 65, 7 under par, the low round of the tournament, and went on to beat Hoch by sinking a 25-foot putt on the second hole (the 11th). They had tied at 283 total (-5) and one shot ahead of Greg Norman and Ben Crenshaw.

1995 – Playing with memories of his coach Harvey Penick – who died the previous Sunday – Ben Crenshaw went out and shot 70, 67, 69, 68 to win the 59th Masters Tournament. His 274 total (- 14) clipped Davis Love III by one shot and Jay has and Greg Norman by two.

2006 – Phil Mickelson shot a final round of 69 for a 281 total (-7) to claim his second green jacket by two strokes. Phil became the first player since Tiger Woods to win back-to-back majors and the only other active player (besides Woods and Tom Watson) to win a major championship three consecutive years. South African Tim Clark finished second with 283.

April 10

1949 – Sam Snead won the 13th Masters Tournament with a 282 total (-6). He was three strokes better than Lloyd Mangrum and Johnny Bulla, who tied for second.

1955 – Cary Middlecoff won the 19th Masters Tournament by shooting rounds of 72, 65, 72, 70 for a 279 total (- 9). He finished with a seven stroke margin over Ben Hogan. Cary’s second round in 65 was the second best ever shot in the Masters.

1960 – Arnold Palmer birdied the last two holes to defeat Ken Venturi by one stroke. Palmer had rounds of 67, 73, 72, 70 and a 282 total (- 6) to win the 24th Masters for the second time in three years, joining Ben Hogan, Byron Nelson and Horton Smith as two-time winners.

1961 – South African, Gary Player became the first foreigner to win the Masters Tournament. He finished with a 280 total (-8) edging Arnold Palmer by one stroke as Palmer blew to a double-bogey on the last hole in his bind to repeat as champion. Amateur Charles Coe finished in a tie for second with Palmer at 281.

1977 – Tom Watson turned back a determined challenge by Jack Nicklaus with a 67 (- 5) and a two stroke triumph in the 41st Master Tournament. Watson finished his 72 holes over the flowered hills of the Augusta National with 276 (-12).

1988 – Scottish, Sandy Lyle, birdie the final hole to capture the 52nd Masters Tournament with a 281 total (-7). With a glorious shot from a fairway bunker and then a 10-foot putt as his last stroke, Lyle joined Arnold Palmer and Gary Player as champions who have snatched one shot victories at Augusta with a birdie on the 18th green. Mark Calcavecchia finished second with 282 one shot ahead of Craig Stadler. Lyle also became the first British player to win the Masters.

1994 – Jose Maria Olazabal of Spain won the 58th Masters Tournament with a closing round of 69, giving him a 279 total ( - 9), two strokes ahead of Tommy Lehman and three ahead of Larry Mize.

2000 – Vijay Singh, from Fiji, made a birdie at the 18th hole for a final round 69 and 278 total (-10) to win the 64th Masters Tournament by three strokes over South African Ernie Els, who shot a closing 68. David Duval and Loren Roberts tied for third with 282.

2005 – Tiger Woods sank a 15-foot birdie putt on the first hole of a playoff to beat Christ DiMarco and win the 69th Masters Tournament. The two players finished with a 276 total (-12). At age 29, Tiger won his fourth green jacket, tying Arnold Palmer for the second most victories in Augusta.

2011 – South African Charl Schwartzel won the 75th Masters Tournament with a fantastic finish of four consecutive birdies in the last four holes at Augusta National. He closed with a 66 – the lowest score of the day – for a 274 total (- 14). Australian Adam Scott and Jason Day tied for second place with 276 (- 12).

April 11

1948 – Claude Harmon won the 12th Masters Tournament with a record-tying of a 279 total (-9). He went into the final round with a two stroke lead at 209 and needed a birdie at the 18th hole to break the record. He laid his second shot 30 feet above the hole. His first putt missed the cup and slip four feet by. Cary Middlecoff was second with 284.

1965 – Jack Nicklaus won the 29th Masters Tournament setting a 72-hole record with a 271 total (-17). He established an unprecedented margin of nine strokes over his two fellow members of the Big Three, Arnold Palmer and Gary Player.

1966 – Defending Champion Jack Nicklaus became the first to repeat victory at the 30th Masters Tournament. He won a three-man playoff with Gary Brewer Jr. and Tommy Jacobs. They tied at 288 (even par) the second highest score in the event’s history.

1971 – Charles Coody won the 35th Masters Tournament with a 279 total (-9). He birdied the 15th and 16th holes for a closing round of 70, 2 under par, and a two stroke margin over Jack Nicklaus and 23 year old Johnny Miller, who lead by two on the 14th hole but lost four shots to Coody with bogeys on the 15th and 16th.

1976 – Raymond Floyd won the 40th Masters Tournament with a 271 total (- 17) by eight strokes over Ben Crenshaw. He was only the fourth player to hold the lead outright from day one. His 131 knocked four shots off the record for the first 26 holes. His eight shot lead was the record at 54 holes and his 271 tied the 72-holes records set by Nicklaus in 1965. Nicklaus tied for third place with Larry Ziegler at 282 (- 6).

1982 – Craig Stadler made bogeys at the 12th, 14th, 16th and 18th holes, the last on a three-putt green, for 40 at the back nine and a 284 total (-4) that threw him into a playoff with Dan Pohl. When Pohl did not make par with a four-foot putt on the first hole, Stadler won the 46th Masters Tournament with a regular par 4. Jerry Pate lost a chance to make it a three-way tie when he missed a 21-fott birdie putt on the 18th.

1983 – Spaniard, Severiano Ballesteros stalked virtually unchallenged to his second Masters victory with a four stroke triumph over Ben Crenshaw and Tom Kite. Seve had a 280 total (- 8) for his third title in golf’s Big Four Events.

1993 – Bernhard Langer sealed his second green jacket by capturing a runaway victory in the 57th Masters Tournament with a 277 total (-11). His closing round of 70, with two birdies, two bogeys and an eagle 3 on the part-5 13th hole, gave him a four-shot win over Chip Beck and continued a trend of foreign dominance at the Masters. At that point, five of the six winners from 1988-93 came from outside the United States.

 1999 – Spaniard, Jose Maria Olazabal won his second Masters Tournament in a struggle with Australian Greg Norman, again “the helpless victim in the throes of a Grecian tragedy,” as Marino Parascenzo wrote. Olazabal finished with 280 (- 8) winning by two strokes over Davis Love and by three over Norman.

2004 – Phil Mickelson won the 68th Masters Tournament with a 279 (- 9) making five birdies in the final seven holes and outdueling South African Ernie Els to win his first major championship. Els shot a final-round 67 that included eagles at the 8th and 13th and finished at 280 (- 8).

2010 – Phil Mickelson overhauled Lee Westwood to claim a third Masters Green Jacket after a final round 67 and a 272 total (- 16). Westwood carded a 71 to finish second with 275. Mickelson joined Jimmy Demaret, Sam Snead, Nick Faldo and Gary Player on three Masters titles with only Tiger Woods and Arnold Palmer (four) and Jack Nicklaus (six) ahead of them.

April 12

1953 – Ben Hogan broke the tournament record with a 72-hole score of 274 and won the 17th Masters by five over Ed Oliver. The record of 279 which Hogan broke was set by Ralph Guldahl in 1939 and equaled by Claude Harmon in 1948.

1954 – Sam Snead won his third title in Augusta with a Monday finish playoff. Snead beat Ben Hogan by a stroke (70–71) in a duel that carried right up to the final green. They completed the 72 holes in regulation with a 289 total (+ 1) the highest ever to win the Masters.

1964 – Arnold Palmer became the first Masters winner to capture the tournament four times. His 276 total (-12) beat Dave Marr and defending champion Jack Nicklaus by six strokes and came within two strokes of the tournament record set by Ben Hogan in 1953. Palmer’s victory was his seventh major title during his career.

1981 – Tom Watson shot a solid 71 in the last round and beat Jack Nicklaus on the back nine to win the 45th Masters Tournament by two strokes with a 280 total (-8). Nicklaus and Johnny Miller tied for second with 282 totals. Australian Greg Norman was next alone at 283.

1987 – Larry Mize hit a miracle chip from 140 foot that bounced twice up a grassy bank and once on the putting surface before it rolled halfway across the 11th green directly into the hole to win the 51st Masters Tournament in the second hole of playoff with Greg Norman. Severiano Ballesteros watched the shot on television from the Champions Locker Room. He bowed out with a three-putt bogey at 10. Mize became the first champion to come from Augusta itself. They finished with a 285 total (-3).

1992 – Fred Couples won the 56th Masters Tournament with 275 total (- 13), tightened his grip Sunday with a two shot victory over Raymond Floyd. It was the first victory by an American golfer since Larry Mize won in 1987.

1998 – Mark O’Meara became the first player to win the Masters with a birdie on the 72nd hole. He sank a 17-foot birdie putt at the eighteenth hole to beat Fred Couples and David Duval by one stroke. O’Meara finished with a 279 total (-9)

2009 – Angel Cabrera of Argentina emerged from a drama-filled final round to win the 73rd Masters Tournament with a 276 total (-12). He joined a playoff with Kenny Perry and Chad Campbell. Campbell was eliminated in the first hole, and Cabrera made a routine par to beat Perry in the second hole and win his second major and second PGA Tour event.

April 13

1942 – Byron Nelson shot a great 69 (playing the last 8 holes in 6 under par) to beat Ben Hogan in playoff and win his second Masters Tournament by a single stroke. They had tied at the end of the regulation 72 holes at 280 (-8). It was the last Masters until after the war.

1969 – George Archer won the 33rd Masters Tournament by a single stroke with a 281 total (-9) he played the Augusta National in 67, 73, 69 and 72. Billy Casper, Tom Weiskopf and Canadian George Knudson finished in a tie for second.

1970 – Billy Casper cruised to a 69 in an 18-hole playoff against Gene Littler to win the 34th Masters Tournament. It was the last playoff of its kind in Masters History. Casper needed only one putt on six of the first seven holes and had nine one-putt greens for 27 putts on the demanding greens of Augusta National. Casper and Littler had tied in 281 (-9).

1975 – Jack Nicklaus emerged from a three-man scramble with Tom Weiskopf and Johnny Miller to win the 39th Masters Tournament with a final round 68 and a 276 total. At the 16th green, Nicklaus holed a side hill putt from 40 feet for an unlikely birdie that Henry Longhurst described as “the greatest putt I ever saw in my life.” It was Nicklaus’ fifth Masters and 15th major crown. Weiskopf and Miller were just one shot behind at 277.

1980 – Severiano Ballesteros shot a 275 total (-13) and won the 44th Masters Tournament by four shots over Gibby Gilbert and Australian Jack Newton. Seve began the final round with a seven stroke lead and extended it to ten strokes at the end of the first nine holes. But he made bogey at the ten with a three-putt green and played Amen Corner par, double-bogey, and bogey while Newton was making three birdies. He shaped-up and came through with a key par and birdie for an even par 72.

1986 – At the age of 46, Jack Nicklaus shot a 65, including a record-tying 30 on the back nine to win the 50th Masters Tournament. It was his sixth Green Jacket and 20th major title. And he won it by one shot over Tom Kite and Greg Norman. Kite missed a 12-foot birdie putt on the final green to tie. Norman, needing only a par at the final hole to enter into a sudden-death playoff, put his second shot into the gallery to the right of the 18th green. He was left with a 12-foot downhill par putt to tie Nicklaus but it slid to the left.

1997 – Playing his first Masters as professional, Tiger Woods shot rounds of 70, 66, 65, 69 to win the 61st Tournament with a record of 270 (-18). He held a nine stroke lead over second place after the third round and won by twelve over Tom Kite. It was the soundest whipping in a major this the 20th century and second only to Old Tom Morris's 13-shot triumph in the 1862 British Open.

2003 – Canadian Mark Weir shot a bogey-free 68 to finish at 281 (-7) and won the 67th Masters Tournament over Len Mattiace in a one-hole playoff. On the 10th green, Weir tapped in for a bogey to beat Mattiace’s double bogey and became the first left-handed Masters champion and the first Canadian to win a major. His 281 was the highest winning score since 1988.

2008 – South African, Trevor Immelman won the 72nd Masters Tournament with a 280 total (-8). He beat Tiger Woods by three strokes. He became the first champion since Seve Ballesteros in 1980 to win after being the first-round co-leader.

2014 – Bubba Watson won his second green jacket in three years. With a closing round of 69 and a 280 total (-8) he secured a three-shot victory over Jordan Spieth. Spieth shot a final-round 72 to tie for second with Sweden's Jonas Blixt (71).

April 14

1968 – Bob Goalby won the 32nd Masters Tournament as scoring error left Roberto De Vicenzo out of playoff. Both had tied at 277 (-11) but De Vicenzo signed an incorrect scorecard and was dropped back a stroke into second place. He had a birdie on the 17th hole with a two-foot putt. His playing partner, Tommy Aaron marked De Vicenzo for 4 instead of 3 on this hole.

1974 – On Easter Sunday, Gary Player finished with a 278 total (-10) to win the 38th Masters Tournament by two strokes. A birdie at the 17th green (where he left his 9-iron less than a foot from the hole) gave him his second triumph in Augusta. Dave Stockton and Tom Weiskopf tied for second with 280.

1985 – Bernhard Langer played the last round in 68 for a 282 total (- 6) and became the first German to win any of golf’s four major championships. He won the 49th Masters Tournament by two shots over Curtis Strange, who sank two balls into the water at the 13th and 15th, Severiano Ballesteros and Raymond Floyd.

1991 – Ian Woosnam, of Wales, sank a seven-foot putt on the final hole for par and won the 55th Masters Tournament with a 277 total (-11), one shot better than Jose-Maria Olazabal and two better than Tom Watson, Ben Crenshaw, Steve Pate and Lanny Wadkins. He became the third straight British player to win the Masters.

1996 – Australian Greg Norman finished with an ugly 78 (+6), losing a six shot lead as Nick Faldo won his third Masters Tournament. Faldo shot a 67 (-5) to beat Norman by 5 strokes and Phil Mickelson by six.

2002 – Tiger Woods won the 66th Masters Tournament by three strokes over South African Retief Goosen for his second straight Masters title. Tiger opened with rounds of 70 & 69. After firing a 66 on the third round, he grabbed a share of the lead with Goosen. He finished with 71 and a 276 total (-12). It was his third Masters in six years and his seventh career major championship victory.

2013 – Adam Scott became the first Australian to ever wear the green jacket with a victory against former champion Angel Cabrera in a sudden death playoff. Scott made a birdie 3 on the tenth (par 4), the second play-off hole, after Cabrera narrowly missed a birdie of his own. Both had finished with a 279 total (-9).

April 15

1979 – Fuzzy Zoeller won the 43rd Masters Tournament in a dramatic sudden-death playoff over Ed Sneed and Tom Watson. Sneed entered the final round with a commanding five shot lead but he took bogeys six times in the last round, finishing with bogey-bogey-bogey on the final three holes. A 76 left him at 280 (-8), a score matched by Watson’s closing 71 and Zoeller’s 70. The triumph came on the second hole, the 11th, with an eight-foot putt for birdie. He was the first player ever to capture the Master in his appearance at Augusta.

1984 – Ben Crenshaw finally claimed a major title by winning the 48th Masters Tournament with a 277 total (-11) and two strokes ahead of Tom Watson. Twice a runner-up at Augusta, five times a second-place finisher in the Grand Slam events, Crenshaw won with his determination and magic putting.

Only five players have birdied the last hole to win the Masters: Art Wall in 1959, Arnold Palmer in 1960, Gary Player in 1974, Sandy Lyle in 1988, Mark O’Meara in 1998.

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