The 2019 Solheim Cup will be contested at Scotland's Gleneagles Resort, which was most recently home to the 2014 Ryder Cup.
The PGA Centenary Course will be the site of the biennial competition between the United States and European teams, comprised of 12 women representing each side in a three-day match-play exhibition.
The Scottish resort came out ahead of Sweden's Bro Hof Slott Golf Club, which regularly hosts the European Tour's Nordea Masters.
“I want to congratulate the Scotland bid team for their work," said Ivan Khodabakhsh, chief executive of Ladies European Tour, in a statement. "It was an extremely close decision and our heartfelt thanks go to our friends from Sweden for their hugely impressive bid. The Bro Hof Slott Golf Club is one of Europe’s very finest courses and we look forward to working with them in the future."
Des Moines Golf and Country Club in Iowa will host the next Solheim Cup in 2017.
The United States won the 2015 Solheim Cup, coming back from a record four-point deficit on Sunday to win for the ninth time in 14 matches.